Initially, biogas use in Ethiopia, a country of over 100 million people, was under the collective cooking houses in Addis Ababa. Introduced in 1979, over 1000 plants had been constructed by 2008. Over 90% of all citizens rely on biomass fuel for cooking and lighting. And with 77% of agricultural families having cattle, many Ethiopians are eligible for biogas installation.
ABPP commenced its work in the country in 2009 as a public – private partnership of the Dutch Government – DGIS, Hivos as the fund manager, SNV as the Technical Advisor and Ethiopia Ministry of Water and Mineral Resources, operating as National Implementing Agency under the name National Biogas Program – Ethiopia (NBPE). The programme operates in four regions of Oromiya, Amhara, Tigray and South Nations Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR).
The implementation of the NBPE has seen the construction of 9, 825 biodigesters between 2009 and 2014. The Fixed Dome model is the most preferred plant model in Ethiopia, other design introduced include the Interlocking Stabilized Soil Blocks (ISSB) and Solid State Digester (SSD). A special biogas stove that can bake injera, a traditional flatbread national dish in Ethiopia made of teff flour has been developed.
Bio-slurry extension has about 90% of all plants with a slurry pit, with 85% having compost pits for organic manure. Use of bio-slurry has seen improved agricultural production and incomes in many regions, including from sale of excess slurry to other farmers. In addition to this, some farmers are innovatively selling of excess slurry to other farmers. With 63% of all plants connected to the latrines, sanitation and hygiene levels have continued to improve.
What is the implementation infrastructure? Intervention Area In its first phase, the biogas program will be executed in the 4 national regional states However, after the 1st phase it will be scaled up to other regions.
Currently, the biogas program is implemented in 163 woredas/districts of the 4 national regional states namely;
- SNNPR : 23 woredas
- Oromiya : 78 woredas
- Amhara : 33 woredas
- Tigray : 29 woredas
Key implementation strategies:-